Scratchboard is a form of Black and White artwork commonly compared to Pen and Ink, Etching or Woodcut. James Ferris is a local Hamilton, Ontario artist whose illustration includes themes in Wildlife, Nature, Portraits, Landscape and Still Life.
This style of art is best described by the Italian word CHIAROSCURO which Wikipedia describes as "... in art is the use of strong contrasts between light and dark, usually bold contrasts affecting a whole composition." Some famous artists exploring chiaroscuro include Da Vinci, Rembrandt, Escher, Raphael, and Caravaggio. This type of expression is strongly associated with the Renaissance period.